On our Scoop It between February 1st and February 17th

These are links from our Scoop It page between February 1st and February 17th:

Job promoting plant science in the UK

UK Plant Sciences Federation Executive Officer
Salary: £31,000 – £40,000
The Society of Biology has a number of Special Interest Groups that provide expertise on specific topics within the Biosciences. The UK Plant Sciences Federation (UKPSF) was established as a Special Interest Group in November 2011. It aims to bring together the plant science community in the UK and create a coordinated approach to research, industry, funding and education in this vital sector of the biosciences. The Society of Biology has a vacancy for a full-time member of staff who will manage the UKPSF and its outputs. This position is jointly funded by the Gatsby Charitable Foundation and the Society for Experimental Biology. For more information on the UK Plant Sciences Federation, please visit: http://plantsci.org.uk/



Plants Use Body Clocks to Prepare for Battle

Biologists at Rice University have discovered that while plants might look fairly inactive in the day, they are surreptitiously preparing for battle with hungry insects.



LE1 Magazine

The Spring 2012 edition of LE1, the University of Leicester's corporate magazine, featuring our very own Professor Pat Heslop-Banana!



The Potato’s Contribution to Population and Urbanization: Evidence From A Historical Experiment

We exploit regional variation in suitability for cultivating potatoes, together with time variation arising from their introduction to the Old World from the Americas, to estimate the impact of potatoes on Old World population and urbanization. Our results show that the introduction of the potato was responsible for a significant portion of the increase in population and urbanization observed during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. According to our most conservative estimates, the introduction of the potato accounts for approximately one-quarter of the growth in Old World population and urbanization between 1700 and 1900. Additional evidence from within-country comparisons of city populations and adult heights also confirms the cross-country findings.



Food security in Pakistan: past and present

A strong national agricultural research system is necessary to increase and sustain food production. In Pakistan, national agricultural research system consists of the Federal Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC), as well as provincial research institutes and agricultural universities. PARC aims to conduct, support coordinate and promote agricultural research throughout Pakistan. PARC introduced National Coordinated Research Programmes (NCRP) in 1976 on various crops, such as wheat and sugar, to strengthen research capabilities. NCRPs were proven to be very effective at increasing productivity by releasing a significant number of high yielding crops and production technologies. Until the 1980s, PARC implemented 33 NCRPs on major commodities and disciplines in close collaboration with provincial institutions. But in 2009, due to lack of funding, all NCRPs were terminated.



Kew MSBP-BGCI Fieldwork Fund


The Millennium Seed Bank Partnership-Botanic Gardens Conservation International Fieldwork Fund aims to tackle the continuing loss of plant species by enabling organisations to undertake fieldwork resulting in high quality seed collections.



Carrots as illustrated in Ancient Manuscripts

Now pictures of carrot varieties from mediaeval illuminated manuscripts have been brought together: Illustrations of Carrot, Daucus, Pastinaca and Staphylinos…Herbals are a particularly interesting group in the history of written communication in that they have always been in circulation since the antiquities and were not 'rediscovered' during the renaissance.

Despite the faithful transcription of the manuscript text by monastic scribes, distortions inevitably crept in as the work passed from one hand to the next. Greater variation exists among the illustrations which were often painted without reference to the living world.

 

Harry S. Paris, Marie-Christine Daunay and Jules Janick have had several beautifully illustrated papers in Annals of Botany over recent years with rigorous analysis of the cucumbers (Cucumis) and Solanaceae species : Occidental diffusion of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) 500-1300 CE: two routes to Europe. Ann Bot (2012) 109(1): 117-126 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcr28 

 

Medieval herbal iconography and lexicography of Cucumis (cucumber and melon, Cucurbitaceae) in the Occident, 1300-1458. Ann Bot (2011) 108(3): 471-484 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcr182 

 

The Cucurbitaceae and Solanaceae illustrated in medieval manuscripts known as the Tacuinum Sanitatis
Ann Bot (2009) 103(8): 1187-1205 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcp055 



Totally tropical at Kew

Despite it being the middle of winter in the UK, there is an explosion of summer colour in one of the big greenhouses at the Royal Botanic Garden at Kew in west London. Visitors are being invited to dive into a sea of exotic orchids and other tropical plants.



Humble moss ‘brought on ice ages’

Primitive moss-like plants could have triggered the cooling of the Earth some 470 million years ago, say researchers. A study published in Nature Geoscience may help explain why temperatures gradually began to fall, culminating in a series of "mini ice ages". Until now it had been thought that the process of global cooling began 100 million years later, when larger plants and trees emerged.

The simple plants' interactions with rocks are believed to be the cause.



Thanks to Plants, We Will Never Find A Planet Like Earth: Scientific American


Earth's flora is responsible for the glaciers and rivers that have created this planet's distinctive landscape…

 

More astrobotany in SciAm