Bamboos are one of the most economically important plant groups globally, but this worldwide trade creates risks of invasions.
In a recent review published in AoB PLANTS, Canavan et al. identified 1662 species of bamboo, of which almost a seventh (232) have been introduced outside their native range, with Asiatic and larger species preferred. Only 12 species were found to have become invasive. However, invasiveness was found to be more a function of human usage than of specific species traits, suggesting the recent upsurge in bamboo cultivation could pose future invasion risks.
Canavan, S., Richardson, D. M., Visser, V., Roux, J. J. L., Vorontsova, M. S., & Wilson, J. R. U. (2016). The global distribution of bamboos: assessing correlates of introduction and invasion. AoB Plants, plw078. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aobpla/plw078